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Lesson 17
Vocabulary Practice 3


Vocabulary

boóbin

to braid

–d

Suffix (SAM): said in anger

dadem

picture

delith

hair

dith

voice

doni (Doni)

earth, ground, soil (Earth, the planet)

dúu–

Prefix (verb): try & fail to VERB

e... e

either... or

el

to make

éthe

to be clean

halezhub

ant [hal (work) + zhub (insect)]

mi

leaf

nó–

Prefix (verb): stop VERBing; cease VERBing

oma

hand

ren

carpet

shida

game

thóo

guest

úuya

to hurt; to feel pain

zhe

to be like; to be similar

zhub

insect

Examples

Bíi meliyen mi, i laya yu wa. listen to this pronounced

The leaves are green, and the fruit is red.

Bíi meliyen mi, izh laya yu wa. listen to this pronounced

The leaves are green, but the fruit is red.

Bíi meliyen mi e laya yu wa. listen to this pronounced

The leaves are green or the fruit is red.

Bíi e meliyen mi e laya yu wa. listen to this pronounced

Either the leaves are green or the fruit is red.

Note, in the third and fourth examples above, that “e” used singly (between two things) simply means “or.” It also can be used before each of the things to mean “either” the first “or” the second.

Bíi ham zho wa. listen to this pronounced

There is a sound.

Bíi ham woháya wozho wa. listen to this pronounced

There is a beautiful sound.

Bíi meham mewoháya wozho wa.

There are beautiful sounds.


Bíi éthe wohíya wohesh wáa. listen to this pronounced

The little boat is clean.

Bíi mehéthe mewohíya wohesh wáa.listen to this pronounced

The litte boats are clean.

Bíi mehéthe ra mewohíya wohesh wáa. listen to this pronounced

The little boats are not clean.

Báa mehéthe mewohíya wohesh?listen to this pronounced

Are the little boats clean?

Exercises

Translate the following into English

1

Báa eríli tháa ábed néehátho?

2

Bíi eril mehamedara berídanizh Ánetheni betha i héena wobun wodenátho wáa.

3

Bé aril owahul woloyo wodizh Hérel betho wa.

4

Bíi memodihal zho elethu belidethu wa.

5

Bíi medóon boóbin delithethu wohada wohábedátha wáa.

6

Báa menédeshub medunasháad mewoyide wohimá?

7

Ra, úuya dithemid benetho wáa.

8

Bíi mezhe wohu woháath i meworahu wodem wáa.

9

Bíi wíi woliyen wohesh wi. listen to this sentence pronounced

10

Bíi eril meháya mewohíya wohoma wobalin wowithetha wa.

In #1, did you have any trouble deciphering the word forming the word “néehá”? It’s a straightforward formation from “née” (alien) + –á (DOER): “one who is alien” or “an alien”.

Note, in the word “medunasháad” in #6, that the plural prefix is added subsequent to any other affix so it appears first in the word, no matter how many prefixes there are.

Note the lack of a Type-of-Sentence Word in #7. Because this is a responses to #6, it will be a statement by the nature of conversation—and it is signalled as such by starting with “ra” (no). As such, there is no need for the Type-of-Sentence Word; there is no danger of confusion. Similarly, “em” (yes) could signal a statement in response to a question. Should one decide to reply to a question with another question, the Type-of-Sentence Word “báawould be required.

Translate the following into Láadan

11

Would that the dancer’s tired guests be safe!

12

Anne’s dog’s legs are not strong.

13

Arkansas is beautiful; its skies are fleecy-clouded, and its mountains are tall.

14

Is the container of the baby’s needleworked clothes blue?

15

Suzette’s pregnant niece will remember to sing.

16

The leaves are not fragrant, but the flower will be red and extremely fragrant.

17

There was a clean insect.

18

The busy worker will eat.

19

Is the baker working or sleeping?

20

The sailor’s yellow fruit are scarcely sweet.

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Answers

1

Did the alien’s garden thrive, long ago?

2

Anthony’s aunt and the new assistant’s heart-sibling were dancing.

3

Carol’s black kettle will be extremely hot (a promise).

4

The sounds of the building of the house are unusually ugly.

5

The braids of the hair of the laughing farmer are correct.

6

Do the hungry travelers intend to try to depart?

7

No, their cow is in pain.

8

The open door and the closed windows are alike.

9

The green grass is alive.

10

The old woman’s small hands were beautiful.

 

11

Wil meyom mewohóoha wothóo amedarahátho!

12

Bíi medo ra óoda lanemidetha Ána betho wi.

13

Bíi hóya Aranesha; mebol thosh bethu, i mehíthi bo bethu.

14

Báa leyi dim mewodathim wobudethu áwithetho?

15

Bíi aril dom lalom wolawida wosherídan Shuzhéth betha wa.

16

Bíi mehaba ra mi, izh aril laya i abahul mahina wa. listen to this sentence pronounced

17

Bíi eril ham wohéthe wozhub wa. listen to this sentence pronounced

18

Bíi aril yod woshóod wohalá wáa.

19

Báa hal e áana ebalá? listen to this sentence pronounced

20

Bíi memeénanehel mewoléli woyu eshátho wa.

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